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Experimental study of dynamic frictional sliding modes along incoherent interfaces

Lykotrafitis, George (2006) Experimental study of dynamic frictional sliding modes along incoherent interfaces. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechETD:etd-01162006-005552

Abstract

Dynamic sliding along incoherent (frictional) interfaces is investigated experimentally in a microsecond time scale. A bimaterial system comprised of Homalite and steel plates and a homogeneous system consisting of two Homalite plates are considered. The plates are held together by a uniform compressive stress while dynamic sliding is initiated by an impact-induced shear loading. The evolution of maximum shear stress contours is recorded by high-speed photography in conjunction with dynamic photoelasticity. Simultaneously with photoelasticity, a newly-developed technique based on laser interferometry is employed to locally measure the sliding speed at the interface.

The response of the Homalite-steel bimaterial system differs according to whether the impact loading is applied to the Homalite plate or to the steel plate. In the first case, a disturbance traveling along the interface at a constant speed close to the Rayleigh wave speed of steel generates a shear Mach line crossing the P-wave front. Sliding initiates behind the P-wave front in the Homalite plate and it propagates at a supershear speed with respect to the shear wave speed of Homalite. A disturbance, traveling at constant speeds between the shear wave speed and the longitudinal wave speed of Homalite, appears behind the sliding tip. Wrinkle-like opening pulses, propagating along the bimaterial interface at a constant speed between the Rayleigh wave and the shear wave speed of Homalite, are also observed. When the impact loading is applied to the steel plate, sliding at a given point initiates with the arrival of the P-wave front there, so that the rupture is sonic with respect to steel and supersonic with respect to Homalite.

In all the experiments performed on the bimaterial structure (Homalite-steel), sliding always occurred in a crack-like mode. In the case of a homogeneous system of Homalite plates however, direct physical evidence of different modes of sliding is recorded. Crack-like sliding, pulse-like sliding and mixed mode sliding in the form of pulses followed by a crack are discovered. Supersonic trailing pulses are also recorded. Behind the sliding tip, wrinkle-like opening pulses are developed for a wide range of impact speeds and confining stresses.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Subject Keywords:bimaterial structure; crack-like rupture; Dynamic frictional sliding; homogeneous system; incoherent interface; photoelasticity; pulse-like rupture; subshear wrinkle-like pulse; supershear rupture; velocimetry
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Major Option:Mechanical Engineering
Thesis Committee:
  • Rosakis, Ares J. (chair)
  • Ravichandran, G.
  • Knowles, James K.
  • Tromp, Jeroen
  • Lapusta, Nadia
  • Huang, Y.
Defense Date:21 November 2005
Author Email:gcl (AT) its.caltech.edu
Record Number:etd-01162006-005552
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechETD:etd-01162006-005552
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:196
Collection:CaltechTHESES
Deposited By: Imported from ETD-db
Deposited On:24 Jan 2006
Last Modified:25 Dec 2012 14:58

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